Due to the shortage of rain in several Asian nations such as Thailand, India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia, these countries are facing reduced agricultural production and damaged crops. A continued dry season has led many provinces of Thailand to face acute water shortage. As reported in Nikkei Asian ReviewSomkiat Prajamwong, secretary-general at Thailand's office of national water resources, warned that 83 districts in 20 provinces in Thailand are at critical risk of water shortages.
Growers must be careful to identify specific markets even before ordering seed. The type of market dictates which crops will be grown and what special cultural or post-harvest practices will be required. Determining what the customer wants is especially critical in finding niche markets for Asian vegetables, as different ethnic groups may prefer different sizes, colors, maturity level, and other characteristics of the same vegetable.
Drought, and floods in some areas, have devastated the livelihoods of thousands of people, and damaged crops in an area that produces most of the world's palm oil, natural rubber and rice, and more than a third of its sugar. While parts of China endured the most rain in almost 60 years, water levels on the Mekong, one of Asia's largest river systems, have fallen to among the lowest ever, and areas of southern India are battling relentless drought. Dry conditions have wilted rice fields in Thailand and Indonesia and parched sugar cane plantations and oilseed crops in India.
For millions of families in the developing world, farming is not just an occupation; it is the sole means of survival and plant science technologies play a critical role in growing food. Access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life is the essence of food security. It is a complex issue but the plant science industry is contributing its technology and innovation. Farmers are adopting biotechnology rapidly since the technology has the ability to develop new crops that will help agriculture to continue its vital role in the economies of the Asia Pacific.
A caterpillar native to the Americas that has devastated crops across Africa has made its way to Asia, scientists in India said Thursday, warning of a threat to food security. Scientists at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research said a survey had identified fall armyworm or Spodoptera frugiperda on more than 70 percent of maize crops examined in the Chikkaballapur area of southern Karnataka state, the first time the armyworm has been spotted in Asia. In addition to maize, the pest can devour more than plant species including rice, cotton and sugar cane, according to the Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International CABIa not-for-profit group.
The East Asia and Pacific region1 contains million2 people just over one-third of all the inhabitants of developing countriesof which 62 percent million are directly involved in agriculture. Considerable variation exists among countries in terms of size and density of population, and the overall proportion living in rural areas. Most people are concentrated in just two countries: China with million inhabitants or 68 percent of the region and Indonesia with million inhabitants ; respectively the first and fourth most populous countries in the world.
Now, African swine fever is set to tear through those markets, killing off business as surely as the fatal disease decimates vast herds of pigs once raised on U. That helped to cushion the blow of a slump that wiped out nearly three-quarters of China sales of the same crops as Washington and Beijing exchanged tit-for-tat trade tariffs. But the scale of the shipments to Southeast Asia that could be lost due to the incurable pig disease highlights the headache for growers in the U.
Fall Armyworm is native to the Americas. However, since it has been aggressively moving ever eastwards, sweeping across Africa, and making landfall for the first time in Asia last summer. In the case of Sri Lanka, there were reports that up to 40 hectares had been infested, damaging some 20 percent of its crops. China is the biggest maize producer in Asia, and second largest producer globally.
Rice is the only crop in Asia at risk of potential damage from El Nino as the weather phenomenon, which reduces rainfall, weakens. All rights reserved. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service.